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Calderón admira a Clinton. Cable 09PARTO40301

Abril, 2009. Se lleva a cabo una reunión entre el presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa y la secretaria de Estado estadunidense Hillary Clinton. Se describe como una conversación animada, en la cual el político mexicano expresó su admiración por Clinton.

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Fecha: 3 de abril, 2009

Emisor: Delegación de Estados Unidos, de la secretaria de Estado

Destinatario: Embajada de Estados Unidos en México

Clave: 09PARTO40301

Clasificación: Confidencial 

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2009-04-03 17:28:00
09PARTO40301
US Delegation, Secretary
CONFIDENTIAL 
VZCZCXRO9333
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RUEHNG RUEHNL RUEHRD RUEHRS RUEHTM
DE RUCNAI #0003/01 0931728
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 031728Z APR 09
FM USDEL SECRETARY//MEXICO//
TO RUEHME/AMEMBASSY MEXICO IMMEDIATE
INFO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RUEHXC/ALL US CONSULATES IN 
MEXICO COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHEFHLC/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 
WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHSP/AMEMBASSY PORT OF SPAIN 
PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC 
PRIORITY
RHMFISS/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON 
DC PRIORITY 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 
01 OF 04 PARTO 040301
 
SIPDIS
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/25/2019
TAGS: OVIP (Visits and Travel 
of Prominent Individuals and Leaders), (CLINTON (), HILLARY) (), PREL 
(External Political Relations), SNAR (Narcotics), MX (Mexico)
SUBJECT: (U)  Secretary 
Clinton's March 25 Conversation
with Mexican President Felipe 
Calderon
 
Ref:  White House 0813 
dated 03/21/09
 
 
1.  (U)  Classified 
by Uzra Zeya, Deputy Executive
Secretary, S/ES, Department 
of State.  Reason 1.4 (d).
 
2.  (U)  03/25/09, 
1 p.m., Mexico City, Mexico
 
3.  (U)  Participants
 
U.S.
The Secretary
Charge Bassett
A/S Shannon
Laura Pena, Senior Advisor to 
the Secretary
Dan Restrepo, Senior Director, 
National Security Council
 
Mexico
President Calderon
Foreign Secretary Espinosa
Amb. Sarukhan
U/S Rico
Presidential Advisor Fernandez 
de Castro
 
4.  (C)  Summary:   
During an extremely cordial
conversation with Secretary 
Clinton, President Calderon
emphasized his personal commitment 
to providing security
for Mexican citizens, pressed 
for greater U.S. actions
against arms trafficking, conveyed 
concerns about how the
issue of Cuba will be treated 
at the upcoming Summit of
the Americas, and discussed 
his ideas for global action
on environmental issues.  
Secretary Clinton praised
Calderon's commitment and leadership, 
acknowledged U.S.
co-responsibility for the drug 
war, and pledged U.S.
partnership against organized 
crime.  President Calderon
encouraged the United States 
to re-assume its key role in
the region and expressed his 
personal admiration for
Secretary Clinton's leadership.  
He closed by expressing
appreciation for President Obama's 
decision to visit
Mexico.  End Summary.
 
5.  (C)  President 
Calderon's aides tried several times
to interrupt his animated conversation 
with Secretary
Clinton,  which lasted 
1 hour 45 minutes and included a
15-minute one-on-one session, 
but he waved them off time
after time.  He opened 
by expressing his admiration for
Secretary Clinton, confessing 
that he attended her 1998
appearance at Davos and submitted 
the written query,
"Would you consider running 
for President?"  Secretary
Clinton said she was delighted 
to see him again, and
conveyed her appreciation for 
his commitment and courage.
The United States, she continued, 
recognized its co-
responsibility for the current 
situation, and would stand
shoulder to shoulder with Mexico 
until the battle was
won.  Secretary Clinton 
added that it was a personal
priority for her to work on 
the broad relationship and
have positive outcomes.
 
--------
SECURITY
--------
 
6.  (C)  President 
Calderon acknowledged that our agenda
is broader than security, but 
turned to that topic as the
most urgent.  His personal 
commitment was to leave his
successor a secure Mexico with 
credible institutions free
of the taint of corruption.  
To succeed he needed U.S.
support, and suggested renewing 
the assault weapons ban.
He said that there was a clear 
correlation between the
lifting of the ban in 2004 and 
Mexico's current
situation.  During the 
six years of the Fox
administration, Mexican forces 
captured 3,000 assault
weapons.  In the last two 
years, they confiscated 16,000,
with no end in sight.  
The availability of assault
weaponry had contributed to 
the cartels' new aggression
against government forces.  
A second factor was cartels'
expanding interests.  While 
they still fought for access
to the U.S. market, they were 
increasingly seeking to
control the growing Mexican 
drug market, as well.  The
combination of assault weapons 
and an increased
imperative for geographic control 
prompted the dramatic
increases in violence Mexico 
had recently witnessed.  The
third factor was the Mexican 
government's increased
pressure on the cartels.
 
7.  (C)  Calderon 
cited the situation in Ciudad Juarez as
a case in point.  Ciudad 
Juarez was important to the
cartels as a launching point 
into the United States, he
said, but it was also a growing 
metropolis with a
potentially lucrative drug market.  
The cartels' battle
for this territory had driven 
homicide rates up to record
levels.  President Calderon 
said he had made the decision
to flood the city with federal 
forces and take over
security while pressing the 
city and state governments to
convert their local police into 
effective patrolling
units and to do more against 
common crime.  In just a
month, violence in Ciudad Juarez 
had fallen by 73
percent, but this progress had 
to be sustained.
 
8.  (C)  Calderon 
said that a second priority should be
to cut U.S. drug consumption.  
Mexico was working to halt
the supply -- the United States 
needed to cut demand.
This led to the third priority 
-- cutting money flows to
the cartels.   Calderon 
assessed that direct action to
interdict bulk cash coming from 
the United States to
Mexico would also strangle the 
cartels and their
operations.  Mapping money 
flows and sharing that
information would help both 
countries interdict cash more
effectively and shut down the 
institutions facilitating
cash transactions.  Mexico, 
he conceded, would have to do
more to check inbound travelers 
and vehicles, ideally
reaching a near 100 percent 
inspection rate through non-
invasive (NIIE) means.  
That might not be possible with
existing technology, he admitted, 
but deploying more NIIE
machines along more points of 
the border would be very
helpful.
 
9.  (C)  Calderon 
said he appreciated the change in the
tenor of USG officials' remarks 
in recent weeks, and
hoped that trend would continue.  
Suggestions by eminent
U.S. government officials that 
Mexico was unable to
govern its territory or risked 
becoming a failed state
did incalculable damage, not 
just to Mexico's image, but
to its efforts to confront organized 
crime.  These
statements caused law enforcement 
officials to lose hope,
helped motivate local officials 
to surrender to
intimidation, and discouraged 
citizens from supporting
the government's efforts.  
On the other hand, he opined,
such statements led criminals 
to believe the government
would fail, and gave them renewed 
confidence to continue
to confront the forces of order.  
Calderon said he needed
the support of the Mexican people, 
and he needed them to
believe the rule of law would 
triumph.
 
10.  (C)  Secretary 
Clinton responded that her message
was one of co-responsibility 
and cooperation.  She was
personally committed to making 
sure both countries
succeed.  The United States 
would do its share.  In the
coming weeks, AG Holder and 
DHS Secretary Napolitano
would visit Mexico to further 
this important dialogue.
The Obama Administration had 
announced on March 20 a
series of new measures along 
the U.S. border to impede
smuggling or arms and cash into 
Mexico.  The Secretary
said she could not be confident 
that an assault weapons
ban would be passed by Congress, 
but she was confident
the Administration would use 
every means to aggressively
enforce existing law.  
She offered to share ideas with
Mexico on demand reduction in 
both countries.  She
affirmed the Administration's 
absolute confidence that
Calderon would succeed in his 
efforts, and that the
United States would be with 
him every step of the way.
 
11.  (C)  President 
Calderon thanked her, noting that he
appreciated the announcements 
made on the 20th, but
adding that moving the National 
Guard to the border would
pose a problem for Mexico.  
Turning back to Mexico's
situation, he  commented 
that the cartels were more
aggressive in confronting Mexican 
institutions than ever
before.  They were more 
openly intimidating elected
officials, and more brutally 
killing Mexican law
enforcement personnel.  
They had undertaken terrorist-
like acts, including throwing 
a grenade into a crowd of
civilians last September.  
Mexico had to face evidence
that corruption extended to 
all levels.  The cartels had
a strong distribution network 
in the United States,
Calderon noted, and unchecked 
they could start to apply
the same tactics in the United 
States.  Mexico had to
face the harsh truth about corruption 
in the Attorney
General's office; the United 
States should be concerned
that the massive volume of drugs, 
money, and weapons
flowing across the border could 
imply corruption problems
on the U.S. side, as well.  
Calderon said that both
countries needed to coordinate 
efforts closely to be
successful.  The President 
expressed some frustration
with the pace of Merida deliveries, 
while noting his
appreciation for the partnership 
the Merida Initiative
represented.
 
----------
THE REGION
----------
 
12.  (C)  President 
Calderon observed that, while there
were many sensitivities in Mexico 
to working too closely
on security matters with the 
United States, the nations
of Central America did not face 
the same political
constraints.  Mexico was 
concerned by the vulnerabilities
in Guatemala and other Central 
American nations where
security, judicial, and even 
democratic institutions were
weak and susceptible to corrupt 
influences.  In
Guatemala, almost half the security 
forces had been
forcibly retired by the prior 
president, leaving its
security situation difficult 
at best.  The United States
should focus regional Merida 
assistance on these most
vulnerable countries.
 
13.  (C)  President 
Calderon then went on to express his
hope that the United States 
would re-assert its
leadership role in the region, 
using the Summit of the
Americas as an important opportunity.  
The region was
eager to meet President Obama, 
and excited to hear his
vision of U.S. policy towards 
Latin America.  Calderon
confessed that a recent meeting 
with Summit host Prime
Minister Manning of Trinidad 
and Tobago had left him
concerned that Manning would 
try to force the Cuba issue
at the Summit.  Calderon 
said he had advised against
this, arguing the United States 
and Cuba needed to work
out their issues bilaterally 
first, before the region
engaged.  Calderon did 
not think Manning was persuaded,
describing the leader as seduced 
by the idea of making
history with this issue.
 
---------
THE WORLD
---------
 
14.  (C)  Secretary 
Clinton noted U.S. appreciation for
Mexico's leadership role in 
the G-20, and especially its
early call for replenishing 
the international financial
institutions.  Calderon 
pointed out that the Inter-
American Development Bank was 
one of those institutions
that needed replenishing, and 
should not be overlooked.
 
15.  (C)  Calderon 
continued that he and President Obama
had many things in common, and 
one was a "green" agenda.
Calderon noted this was another 
personal passion of his.
The global community set goals 
for the environment, but
didn't create mechanisms to 
make those goals attainable.
Calderon discussed his ideas 
for regional "clean energy"
markets, and for the creation 
of a "green fund" that
would provide incentives for 
nations who successfully
actualized plans to reduce emissions.  
Secretary Clinton
said that Mexico's vision on 
the range of issues
affecting the environment, renewable 
energy options, and
climate change was greatly valued, 
and for that reason
President Obama wished to invite 
him to a Major Economies
Forum on Energy and the Environment 
in Italy this July
(reftel).  President Calderon 
noted that, as Secretary of
Energy and earlier, as President 
of the Development Bank
(Banobras), he had approved 
wind energy and biogas
programs across Mexico.  
Now those programs were models
of their kind.  Secretary 
Clinton told him she was
pleased to be visiting Mexico's 
showcase biogas plant in
Monterrey, drawing a warm smile 
from the President.
 
----------
NEXT STEPS
----------
 
16.  (C)  Calderon 
summed up the discussion by noting
that our two countries need 
a broad strategy to focus on
security, competitiveness, and 
the range of bilateral
issues.  He said that we 
should build strategic alliances
in areas like healthcare, where 
U.S. demand could be met
by Mexican supply.  Calderon 
noted he had shared these
ideas with President Obama, 
and very much looked forward
to discussing them further in 
April.  He reiterated again
how honored Mexico was to receive 
the U.S. President.
Secretary Clinton thanked Calderon 
for his time and
leadership, and again pledged 
her personal commitment to
concrete results in the relationship.
 
 
CLINTON 
 
Espero que la gente no vea esto como una historia de heroicismo. Es una historia acerca de lo que la gente normal puede hacer en circunstancias extraordinarias.
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